Software is simply a set of code and instructions that tell a particular computer how to operate. In simple terms, the word software can be translated to “doing things”. This is opposed to physical hardware, where the machine itself actually does the work and is assembled. This is because it would take too long for a human being to do such a task as installing software on a computer.
The software refers to the procedures that are executed within a specific computer program, such as an operating system or a smartphone. It can also refer to the actual code used to construct a program. So, the software refers to the procedures and processes which make up an OS or a smartphone. For example, when you install new programs on your smartphone or use specific applications, the operating system takes over the entire procedure from then on.
Software can be composed of two kinds of elements. These are hardware and non-hardware components. Non-hardware elements are known as add-ons or plugins that help a system software function properly. Hardware components are the ones inside a computer program and are known as modules. Examples of such components include drivers, operating systems, and standard libraries which provide different functions to the operating system or a smartphone.
Software consists of a lot of stuff, starting from the main article. One of the things is an instruction manual which tells the computer program what to do. This instruction manual is called a program. A main article or topic of the software is the machine code. Machine code is simply the set of binary or hexagonal numbers which make up a program or a system.
Software engineering or software development is concerned with designing, developing and maintaining applications and systems. Software engineering is often used as an instructional or research method. Software engineering involves the use of programming tools and techniques. A software engineer designs the application or system and provides instructions or data models to a programmer. The programmer then implements the program in the targeted machine.
As you can see, computer software consists of two kinds of elements. These are the hardware and non-hardware elements. Non-hardware elements are usually known as add-ons or plugins that help a system or program function properly. On the other hand, hardware components are the ones inside a computer system and are usually referred to as internal parts, peripheral devices, or integrated circuits. Among all these different types of elements, it is hardware that is most often replaced or updated to provide different types of services to a system and to keep it functioning well.